While non-metallic flanges such as glass and reinforced plastic are used for some services, most flanges are metal. Metallic flange surfaces can range from a rough casting to the smoothness produced by lapping. A critical and fundamental aspect of sealing is the level of friction between the flange and gasket surfaces. The roughness of the flange faces can have a dramatic effect on gasket creep relaxation, blow out resistance and bolted joint tightness. Depending on the type of gasket used in the connection, different flange surface finishes should be utilised to optimise gasket performance.

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